Wednesday, 10 September 2014

Top Ten Largest Forest In The World

September 10, 2014

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1. Amazon rainforest
The Amazon rainforest also known in English as Amazonia or the Amazon Jungle, is located in South America in an area known as the Amazon River basin. While the forest covers several countries, the largest percentage can be found in Brazil and Peru. Smaller portions exist in countries like Venezuela, Colombia, French Guiana, Ecuador, Bolivia, Guyana, and Suriname.

Amazon rainforest
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The Amazon Rainforest is also one of the world’s largest eco-systems, containing one of the most diverse array of species on Earth. Many medical and pharmaceutical agencies run research projects in the jungle, gaining plant knowledge and experimenting with new drugs.The Amazon Rainforest is the world’s richest and most varied biological reservoir, containing several million species of insects, plants, birds, and other forms of life, many still unrecorded by science. 

2. Taiga
Taiga also known as boreal forest or snowforest, is a biome characterized by coniferous forests consisting mostly of pines, spruces and larches.The taiga is the largest land habitat - a northern zone of coniferous forests, stretching right round the planet from western Alaska to eastern Siberia.The soil in the Taiga forest is poor in nutrients and acidic.

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These forests are dominated by larch, spruce, fir and pine trees mostly along with some broadleaf trees like birch, willow, aspen, etc. These are also home for a large range of animals including Alaska Blackfish, moose, reindeer, Canada lynx, Siberian tiger, etc. Clear cutting and forest fires have posed a threat on this forest’s existence and survival.

3. Congo Rainforest

The Congolian forests are a broad belt of lowland tropical moist broadleaf forest which extends across the basin of the Congo River and its tributaries in Central Africa. It is the world’s second largest rainforest. There are approximately 10, 000 species of tropical plants in the Congo Basin and 30 percent are unique to the region.

Congo Rainforest
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The Congo Basin has been inhabited by humans for more than 50,000 years and it provides food, fresh water and shelter to more than 75 million people.There are so many kinds of animals to be seen in the Congo Rainforest including monkeys, pygmy chimpanzee, hippopotamus, African elephants, gorillas & okapi all living in an amazing piece of land in Africa. The okapi is a very interesting species like zebra & giraffe. Numerous tall trees, as high as 100 feet, can be seen in the rainforest.The Congo rainforest is the only place in the world where all three subspecies of gorillas can be found. They are the mountain gorilla, lowland gorilla, and the eastern lowland gorilla.

4. Daintree Rainforest
The Daintree Rainforest is a tropical rainforest region on the north east coast of Queensland, Australia, north of Mossman and Cairns.This rainforest is of immense biological value to the wider scientific community due to its incredible biodiversity and high levels of endemism that is its concentration of plant and animal species that are found nowhere else on the planet. The rain forest is home to many exotic plants and animals including 30 percent of Australia’s reptiles, marsupial and frog species, 18 percent bird species, and 65 percent bat and butterfly species and over 12000 species of insects.

Daintree Rainforest
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5. Ecuador Cloud Forest
A cloud forest, also called a fog forest, is a generally tropical or subtropical, evergreen, montane, moist forest characterized by a persistent, frequent or seasonal low-level cloud cover, usually at the canopy level. Ecuador Cloud Forests containing approximately 15-17% of the world's plant species and nearly 20% of its bird diversity.Ecuador's Cloud Forests are home to iconic species such as the Spectacled Bear, Jaguar, Sloth, Howler Monkey, puma and many other creatures.

Ecuador Cloud Forest
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6. Kinabalu Park

Kinabalu National Park is a World Heritage Site in Eastern Malaysia located between 6º 00’ 25’’ – 6º 29’48’’N and 116º 21’30’’ – 116º 45’ 00’’E; this protected area is located entirely within the Malaysian state of Sabah on the island of Borneo. Kinabalu National Park, about 90 kilometres from Kota Kinabalu, is one of the world's most significant natural environments.The park is home to thousands of types of flora and fauna that are native to the area, and several hundred that are found only in the park.

Kinabalu Park
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7. Monteverde Cloud Forest Reserve

Monteverde Cloud Forest Reserve is a reserve located in Costa Rica along the Cordillera de Tilarán within the Puntarenas and Alajuela provinces. Named after the nearby town of Monteverde and founded in 1972, the Reserve consists of over 10,500 hectares (26,000 acres) of cloud forest, the reserve is visited by roughly 70,000 visitors a year. Monteverde Cloud Forest Reserve is a great tourist reserve  in costa rica.

Monteverde Cloud Forest Reserve
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8. Emas National Park

Emas National Park is a national park and a UNESCO World Heritage Site in the states of Goiás and Mato Grosso do Sul in Brazil. The two sites included in the designation contain flora and fauna and key habitats that characterize the Cerrado – one of the world’s oldest and most diverse tropical ecosystems. For millennia, these sites have served as refuge for several species during periods of climate change and will be vital for maintaining the biodiversity of the Cerrado region during future climate fluctuations.

Emas National Park
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9. Valdivian Temperate Rain Forest

 The Valdivian temperate rain forests are a temperate broadleaf and mixed-forest ecoregion located on the west coast of southern South America, lying mostly in Chile and extending into a small part of Argentina. The Valdivian temperate forest is characterized by its extrordinary endemism (e.g., 90% at the species level and 34% at the genus level for woody species) and the great antiquity of its biogeographic relationships.

Valdivian Temperate Rain Forest
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10. Sinharaja Forest Reserve

Sinharaja Forest Reserve is a national park and a biodiversity hotspot in Sri Lanka. It is of international significance and has been designated a Biosphere Reserve and World Heritage Site by UNESCO. The reserve is only 21 km (13 mi) from east to west, and a maximum of 7 km (4.3 mi) from north to south, but it is a treasure trove of endemic species, including trees, insects, amphibians, reptiles, birds and mammals.

Sinharaja Forest Reserve
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